NSF/MI-LSAMP Abstract and Poster Format and Submission Guidelines

Abstract Guidelines

Format – Microsoft Word
Font Size – Minimum 12 point
Font Type – Times Roman, Arial, or Courier
Line Spacing – Single
Figures – Diagrams, drawing & equations allowed
Margins – 1.0 inch all the way around
Text – The abstract should be: 250 words maximum, with title (bolded) and authors (presenter underlined), include sponsoring program(s) and institutional affiliation(s).

Abstract Example:

Assessing Surgical Tool Effect on Peripheral Nerve Function

Shonique White, Stephanie Brown*, & Dr. John Cavanaugh** Wayne State University – Summer Undergraduate Research Academy
University of Michigan, Western Michigan University*, Wayne State University**

New medical devices used for making and cauterizing surgical incisions make use of ultrasound (US) technology to complete the procedure. Utilizing high frequency vibrations, the instruments are able to cut and cauterize tissue. Heat is transferred to the tissue when these tools are used, but it is not as great as with traditional electrosurgery (ES) devices. The objective of this project was to determine whether US instruments operating in close proximity to peripheral nerves, has a detrimental effect, and to compare
this to effects using an ES device. To mock clinical procedures, small 10 mm incisions were made on either side of the sciatic nerve in anesthetized adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, 1 mm away and approximately 1-2 mm deep. To test the effect that the instrument use had on the nerve, electrical activity in the gastrocnemius, soleus, and tibialis anterior, three muscles the nerve innervates, was recorded. To keep the observed electrical activity constant, the nerve was stimulated with a hook electrode at 3, 5, and
7 volts, proximal to the incision. The electrical activity in the three muscles was recorded prior to surgery, and compared to the readings post surgery. If the electrical activity decreased in the post surgery readings from the baseline measurement, it suggests that the tool in question may have an adverse affect on the nerve function. Four instruments, three ultrasound devices and one electrosurgery device, were tested in this manner. The electrosurgery device made uses a monopolar blade, and the ultrasound devices include an ultrasound blade and ultrasound shears. In order to record the EMG data, Bortec and National Instruments data acquisition devices were used. Stimulation of the sciatic nerve was provided by A-M Systems’ Isolated Pulse Stimulator. To record the muscles’ response in EMG form, fine wire electrodes were inserted into the muscle belly and their signals were sent to the Bortec system for analysis. Sampling rates were taken at 5000 samples per second. Trial studies on expired rats were performed to develop the techniques described above. Experiments on live anesthetized rats approved under AIC protocol number
A 01-16-10 are still being carried out.

Poster Guidelines

Poster dimensions – Please limit the dimensions to 36” (height) X 48” (width)
Suggestions for Formatting Your Poster

  • Place heading in large‐sized type at the top of the board.
  • List the title and all authors.
  • All material should be readable from distances of three feet or more.
  • You are strongly encouraged to use a type that is at least 3/8″ high (22 pt. minimum).
  • Use bold type to ensure legibility.
  • Make all print very dark (preferably block style) on a very light (preferably white) background.
  • Use letters, arrows, numbers, or other devices to show those who will be viewing your poster the preferred sequence in which your poster should be reviewed.
  • Charts, drawings, and illustrations should be similar to those you would use in making power point slides.
  • If photographs are used, have them processed with a matte or dull finish.

Other Recommendations

  • The poster can either be made on one sheet (rollup) or in several small sections. Do NOT mount illustrations on heavy cardboard because they may be difficult to keep in position on the poster board.
  • Write your presentation concisely, and keep captions brief.
  • The poster should be self‐explanatory so that you are free to supplement the information and discuss particular points raised by questions during the poster session. The poster session potentially provides a more intimate forum for informal discussion than the regular presentations, but this becomes more difficult if you are obliged to devote most of your time to merely explaining your poster to a succession of visitors.